Foreign policy and diplomacy
1. The Head of State (or Government) is responsible for the formulation and conduct of foreign policy. In this context, diplomacy is the instrument for implementing the foreign policy of the State.
2. Foreign policy today is an expression of the complex organisation that operates within each State: the purpose and quality of its leaders, the level of its economy and social stability it has, its social and political pluralism and it firmness in the expression of public opinion.
3. An important part of the international activities of States is support for the stability of relations between nations. However, these activities are constantly modified. In this continually developing, sometimes unpredictable environment, each government agrees to a series of obligations to act and react, and these together now constitute a large extent of its foreign policy
4. The foreign policy of countries is active, voluntary and reflexive at different periods. But that policy is composed of a set of decisions and actions that are proposed to adapt the behavior of the country to the needs or opportunities presented by the international environment.
5. Each State aims to act as freely as it can in terms of a discretionary assessment of the motives and objectives of the actions of other States. A performance of one is answered by the actions of others either by reconciliation or conflict of interest. However, they tend to adapt to each other in a perpetual interaction in the dynamics of international politics.
6. A coherent foreign policy involves a body of doctrine which imposes a discipline on the wills, orders and operations suited to a purpose consistent with enabling the peaceful coexistence of nations.
7. As a clear consequence of having foregone “the myth of the state secret,” with which States in the past escaped the public examination foreign policy, in the days these are analysed without limitation with regards to its foundations, aims and strategies.
8. The terms “foreign policy” and “international politics” are not synonymous. The latter refers to the international policy processes of interaction between States, subject to international law, to act according to their political interests that are controlled by their government bodies. In contrast, the term foreign policy refers to the set of goals (or planned programmes of activities) agreed upon by decision-makers of a State with respect to the behavior of other States or international bodies in order to achieve specific goals defined in terms national interests. It can also include the set of strategies and techniques to make these goals possible.
9. Foreign policy involves a dynamic process of implementation of interpretations of national interests to the various developments in the international arena. In the dynamics of the global situation, the foreign policy of a State also reflects the pattern of foreign relations of that State with others. It is also reflected by State actors, notably the Head of State and the Foreign Minister, whose actions and public statements impact on the international political situations.
10. The conduct of foreign policy must remain a full coordination so that all the planning and subsequent activities remain within the broad structure of the pattern of national interest. It must also be applied this way with all the essential principle of unity of action outside the State.
© by Odeen Ishmael